7: Christ’s Victory Over Death-Sabbath School Lesson Teaching Plan

Prepared by William Earnhardt for Sabbath School class on Sabbath, November 12, 2022.

Main Theme: We can be sure that Jesus rose from the grave and that He gives us victory over death.

Read in Class: Matthew 27:62-66. Discuss the main idea of this passage.

Study: How did these actions only help provide the world later with more evidence for the resurrection of Jesus?

Apply: Has God ever freed you from a situation where you thought there was no way out? Can you tell us about it?

Share: Your friend suggests that the disciples did steal the body of Jesus to make it look like He was resurrected. What do you share with your friend? Keep in mind that all but one disciple was martyred for preaching about the resurrection. What does that tell us? See also How do we Know the Disciples Didn’t Just Make Everything up?

Read in Class: Matthew 28:1-6, John 10:17-18 and Romans 8:11. Define the common thread of these passages.

Study: Who was directly involved in the resurrection of Jesus?

Apply: Some scoff at the idea that the first people to see Christ resurrected were Romans. Why? In what ways is this truth symbolic of what was to come: the gospel going to the Gentiles, as well?

Share: Your friend says we are supposed to keep Sunday holy as a memorial to the resurrection. What do you tell your friend? What memorial to the resurrection do we find in Romans 6:3-6?

Read in Class: Luke 24:13-27 and Luke 24:44-49. What is the main idea of these passages?

Study: Why did Jesus take them to the Scriptures instead of just letting them recognize them?

Apply: Do you put more faith in what you see or what God’s Word says? When what you see seems to contradict God’s Word do you put faith in what you see or in what God’s Word says?

Share: Your friend asks you, exactly where in Scripture did Jesus take the disciples to show them what was to happen to the Messiah? What do you tell you friend? See The Messiah in Prophecy.

Read in Class: Matthew 27:51-53, 1 Corinthians 15:20 and Deuteronomy 26:1-11. What is the common thread of these passages?

Study:  In what sense did Paul refer to the risen Christ as “the first fruits of those who have died?”

Apply: No matter how bad things can get now, why can we trust in God’s ultimate victory for us as we still struggle in this fallen world?

Share: Who can you share the hope we have in the resurrection with this week?

How do we Know the Disciples Didn’t Just Make Everything up?

I don’t think anyone doubts that a man named Jesus actually existed. The question is if He was really the Messiah, and if He was really resurrected. How do we know Jesus really died, and did not just fake His own death and then made it look like He was resurrected? If He did indeed die, how do we know the disciples did not actually steal His body from the tomb to make it look like He was resurrected? Let’s take a look.

 Was Jesus Actually Dead?

Then the soldiers came and broke the legs of the first and of the other who was crucified with Him.  But when they came to Jesus and saw that He was already dead, they did not break His legs.  But one of the soldiers pierced His side with a spear, and immediately blood and water came out.  And he who has seen has testified, and his testimony is true; and he knows that he is telling the truth, so that you may believe. For these things were done that the Scripture should be fulfilled, “Not one of His bones shall be broken.” And again another Scripture says, “They shall look on Him whom they pierced.” John 19:32-37 NKJV

Conspiracy theories could have started circulating that Jesus did not really die on the cross but merely fainted and woke up later. Remember how prisoners escaped from Alcatraz by placing phony bodies in their beds to make it look like they were still in bed while they escaped? How do we even know it was really Christ’s body placed in the tomb and was not just a phony body to make it look like He died? The testimony of the Roman soldiers themselves disproves any notion of such conspiracy theories. They pierced his side causing the blood to flow out. He was already dead but if He wasn’t the wound would have caused His death for sure. 

Did Disciples Steal His Body?

Now while they were going, behold, some of the guard came into the city and reported to the chief priests all the things that had happened. When they had assembled with the elders and consulted together, they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers, saying, “Tell them, ‘His disciples came at night and stole Him away while we slept.’ And if this comes to the governor’s ears, we will appease him and make you secure.” So they took the money and did as they were instructed; and this saying is commonly reported among the Jews until this day. Matthew 28:11-15 NKJV

This is not logical. How can the soldiers document what happened while they were asleep? If they were asleep how would they know the disciples stole the body? There is no court in the world that would accept this testimony. No one can testify exactly who did what while they were not looking. You have to be looking in order to be a witness. Their own testimony “while we were sleeping” proves they did not see the disciples take Jesus’ body. Add to this the fact that the disciples had a hard time believing themselves that He was resurrected. If they staged it they would have been gloating about His resurrection at the very start instead of being confused and amazed themselves. And if the priests really thought the disciples stole Christ’s body why were they never charged or even accused of such a crime? They were later arrested for preaching about the resurrection but they were never arrested for stealing a body. Also since falling asleep while on guard was an offense punishable by death, it is highly unlikely the guards fell asleep. If the leaders truly thought the guards had fallen asleep they would have been executed. They were not. They were given money instead. 

Would the Disciples Have Died for a lie?

Now about that time Herod the king stretched out his hand to harass some from the church. Then he killed James the brother of John with the sword. And because he saw that it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to seize Peter also. Acts 12:2-3 NKJV

Scripture testifies how James was martyred and the other disciples were persecuted, and Foxe’s Book of Martyrs documents how all the disciples except John were martyred for preaching Christ and Him crucified and resurrected. And poor John was thrown in boiling oil. Now supposing the disciples made the story up about the resurrection and had stolen the body to make it look like He was no longer dead, how many of those disciples would be willing to die for this made up story? After a few of them were killed for making up the story, wouldn’t just one of them come forward and show where they hid the body to save their life? What are the chances of everyone in on the conspiracy dying for a lie? I can tell you why they all died. I can tell you why none of them finally came forward and showed where they hid the body. Because they did not hide the body. They could not recant their story because what they were saying was the truth. A truth worth dying for! Why do you think God allowed them all to be killed and for John to boiled in oil? So we would know beyond a shadow of a doubt that since not a single one of them could recant, their story was true.

Jesus Still Lives in our Hearts

One last thought. When I was in my early twenties I heard a song on a Christian radio station. I heard it once and never heard it again, so I can’t tell you who sang it or wrote it, but I remember the gist of the song. In the song a little boy was crying because his little friend told him Jesus wasn’t real. In the song the boy pleads with his friend not to tell his daddy that Jesus isn’t real because, “I don’t want him to start living like he used to.” The song showed how Jesus changed the daddy’s heart and this is how we know He is real. 

But if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead dwells in you, He who raised Christ from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies [d]through His Spirit who dwells in you. Romans 8:11 NKJV

Like the old hymn says,

He lives (He lives), He lives (He lives), Salvation to impart You ask me how I know He lives? He lives within my heart.-Alfred Ackley

No doubt Jesus lives. Because He lives we are not afraid to die. 

You may study this week’s Sabbath School Lesson here.